Bambini e asma: attenzione a snack salati e videogames
Alimentazione errata e troppa televisione/videogames sono fattori di rischio per lo sviluppo di asma nei bambini: queste le conclusioni dello studio PANACEA, condotto su 323 bambini greci di 10-12 anni di età. Oltre a una prevalenza di asma del 23,7%, lo studio ha evidenziato che abitudini non salutari, come il consumo di snack salati e il tempo trascorso davanti a TV/videogames, sono significativamente associate tra loro. Il risultato principale dello studio è che il rischio di asma è aumentato di quasi 5 volte con l’elevato consumo di snack (>3 volte/settimana), mentre è significativamente ridotto nei bambini che seguono una Dieta Mediterranea
Salty-Snack Eating, Television or Video-Game Viewing, and Asthma Symptoms among 10- to 12-Year-Old Children: The PANACEA Study
Arvaniti F, Priftis KN, Papadimitriou A et al.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2011 Feb;111(2):251-7.
BACKGROUND: Salty-snack consumption, as well as the amount of time children spend watching television or playing video games, have been implicated in the development of asthma; however, results are still conflicting.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to evaluate the association of salty-snack eating and television/video-game viewing with childhood asthma symptoms.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
SETTINGS: Seven hundred children (323 male), 10 to 12 years old, from 18 schools located in the greater area of Athens were enrolled. Children and their parents completed questionnaires, which evaluated, among other things, dietary habits. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using the KIDMED (Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for Children and Adolescents) score.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The association of children's characteristics with asthma symptoms was performed by calculating the odds ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals.
RESULTS: Overall lifetime prevalence of asthma symptoms was 23.7% (27.6% boys, 20.4% girls; P=0.03). Forty-eight percent of children reported salty-snack consumption (=1 times/week). Salty-snack consumption was positively associated with the hours of television/video-game viewing (P=0.04) and inversely with the KIDMED score (P=0.02). Consumption of salty snacks (>3 times/week vs never/rare) was associated with a 4.8-times higher likelihood of having asthma symptoms (95% confidence interval: 1.50 to 15.8), irrespective of potential confounders. The associations of salty-snack eating and asthma symptoms were more prominent in children who watched television or played video games >2 hours/day. In addition, adherence to the Mediterranean diet was inversely associated with the likelihood of asthma symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, such as salty-snack eating and television/video-game viewing were strongly associated with the presence of asthma symptoms. Future interventions and public health messages should be focused on changing these behaviors from the early stages of life.